A four-year-old Italian girl died of cerebral malaria in northern Italy, a region that is free from the disease, in which doctors is a very mysterious case.
Sofia Zago died on Sunday evening in Brescia, after she had been taken to hospital on Saturday with a severe fever.
Italy is liberated from the Anopheles mosquito, which carries cerebral malaria, the deadliest form of blood disease. But after a burning August, fear that it could not reach Italy.
A flight could have brought it.
Sofia was on vacation with her parents in Bibione, an Adriatic resort near Venice.
Thirty, where the malaria of the girl was diagnosed on Saturday, is located in the Trentino, in the foothills of the Alps.
"This is the first time in my 30-year career that I have seen a case of malaria originating in Trentino," said Dr. Claudio Paternoster, an infectious disease specialist at the Santa Chiara Hospital in Trento.
Since the 1950s, Italy has not been a malaria problem because the mosquito-infected marshes have been drained.
It is feared that Sofia might have been able to catch malaria from one of the two children treated in the Trent hospital after the 15th of August. They had caught him in Africa and recovered.
Sofia had undergone a treatment for diabetes in children and there was a break before her emergency readmission to the hospital at the weekend.
A health official from Trentino, Paolo Bordon, said that Sofia was not in the same neighborhood as the other two children.
Sofia had no blood transfusion, he added, pointing out that the treatments for malaria and diabetes were quite different.
The Plasmodium Falciparum parasite, carried by the Anopheles mosquito, can kill a human within 24 hours.
Approximately 438,000 people died of malaria in 2015 in the 95 tropical countries where it is endemic, according to Corriere della Sera in Italy.
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Only certain types of mosquitoes can transfer the disease from one person to another.
Risky insects are found in large areas of Central and South America, Africa, Asia, the South Pacific and parts of Eastern Europe, but not in the rest of Europe. Europe.
Consequently, malaria is largely restricted to tropical areas - cases occurring within the European Union are typically "suitcases" linked to recent trips to other parts of the world where malaria is present.
The last case in Northern Italy has confused the experts. It is not clear how the girl caught him, but his case is not unique.
The European Center for Disease Prevention monitors the cases closely and has found some cases of malaria "locally acquired" in the EU - two in France and three in Spain in 2014.
But there were explanations about how some of them might have happened. One was a patient who had received a kidney from a donor with malaria; Another was a newborn whose mother had returned from Equatorial Guinea.
One of the Spanish patients had no travel history, but lived a few kilometers from a city where an "act bag" lived. No infected domestic mosquitoes were found, but lab tests showed that two people had an identical burden of the disease.