North Korea has threatened the United States with the "greatest pain" it has ever suffered as a result of the new sanctions of the United Nations.
The UN's Pyongyang ambassador accused Washington of opting for "political, economic, and military confrontation."
US President Donald Trump said the move was nothing compared to what should happen to deal with North Korea.
UN sanctions are trying to starve in the land of fuel and income for its weapons programs.
The measures restricted oil imports and prohibited textile exports and were approved after the sixth and largest nuclear test of North Korea earlier this month.
Han Tae Song, North Korea's ambassador to the UN, said he had "categorically denied" what he calls an "illegal resolution".
"The future actions of the DPRK (Democratic Republic of Korea) will make the United States suffer the greatest suffering it has ever known in its history," he told a conference of the "UNO in Geneva.
"Instead of making the right choice with a rational analysis ... the Washington regime has finally come to terms with a political, economic and military confrontation possessed by the wild dream of reversing the development of DPRK nuclear power reached. "
The resolution was unanimously adopted only after the allies of North Korea, Russia and China had passed sanctions that were milder than those proposed by the United States.
The original text contained a total ban on oil imports, which some analysts potentially destabilize the regimes.
The new sanctions agreed by the United Nations include:
- Limits on imports of petroleum and petroleum products. China, the main economic allies of Pyongyang, supplies the bulk of the North Korean crude oil
- The ban on textile exports, which is the second largest export of pyongyang, exceeds 700 million US dollars per year
- The ban on new visas for North Korean foreign workers, which after the United States would eventually reduce tax revenues by 500 million dollars per year
A proposed asset-freeze and a travel ban for the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un were dropped.
When I reacted on Tuesday, Mr. Trump said, "We think it's just another small step, not serious.
"I do not know if it has any impact, but it was great to get a vote of nothing but these sanctions are nothing compared to what will eventually happen," he added, details.
US Ambassador to the UN, Nikki Haley, told the Security Council after the vote: "We are not happy to strengthen the sanctions today, we are not looking for war."
"The North Korean regime has not yet surpassed the goal of returning," she added. "If North Korea continues its dangerous course, we will continue to push more.
A spokesman for the South Korean presidency said on Tuesday: "North Korea must recognize that a reckless challenge for international peace will only lead to even stronger sanctions against them."
The resolution of Monday was adopted unanimously by the UN since 2006.
What are the previous penalties?
30 November 2016: The UN aimed at the precious coal trade of North Korea with China and reduced the export by about 60 per cent within a new sales upper limit. The exports of copper, nickel, silver, zinc and the sale of statues were also prohibited.
What happened next? On May 14, 2017, North Korea tested what it called a "newly developed ballistic missile" capable of carrying a large atomic bubbling head.
2 June 2017: The United Nations imposed a travel ban and freeze on four local authorities and 14 officials, including the espionage chief in North Korea.
What happened next? On 4 July, North Korea demanded its first successful assessment of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM).
August 6: The UN has prohibited North Korea's exports of coal, minerals and other commodities and limited investment in the country and costs Pyongyang about 1 billion dollars - about a third of its economic export.
What happened next? On September 3, North Korea said it had tested a hydrogen bomb that could be miniaturized and loaded onto a large rocket.
The Chinese foreign ministry said on Tuesday that it "ignored the international opposition and once again carried out a nuclear test seriously violating the resolutions of the UN Security Council."
He also repeated his demand for a "peaceful resolution" instead of a military response, adding, "China will never allow the peninsula to descend into war and chaos."
BBC editor Carrie Gracie says that Beijing has crossed a fine line and has sanctions violently enough to signal its inconveniences in Pyongyang and avoid the US accusations of complicity, but not so hard to threaten the survival of Korea of the North
Russia and China reaffirmed their proposal that the US and South Korea freeze all military exercises - which hindered North Korea - and demanded a halt in the use of the controversial Thaad missile system in exchange for the pyongyang ceasefire of its weapons programs.
Beijing believes that Thaad, which uses a powerful radar, is a security threat for China and its neighbors.